Seven Rich Fiber Foods
The World Health Organization set to 25 grams the minimum amount of fiber that every person should consume daily. Foods rich in fiber have a number of properties essential for the proper functioning of the body, such as improving hydration, regulate bowel movements or burn excess fat. It is also recommended for people who do some type of weight loss program because it prolongs the feeling of satiety.
Several studies have shown that consumption prevents various diseases, among type two diabetes, obesity, certain types of cancer or coronary diseases. However, the daily intake of foods rich in fiber is still far from achieving the minimum recommended amounts for most people, as shown by various studies and reports. The last one is the one published by Nutrient Health 2012, which studied the eating habits and the interaction between nutrition and health. According to their results, only 22% of men and 12% of women reach the recommended amount, set at 25 grams per day.
The differences in fiber intake do not occur only between men and women, as the older and income closer we get to the recommended amounts, according to the report. In the case of obese or overweight persons its intake is also below the average.
The food groups that contain more fiber are vegetables (21%), bread and biscuits (18%) and fruit (16%). In order to achieve fiber daily amounts recommended by WHO propose a list of foods most suitable for this purpose. Before, we must take into account that the fiber must always be a food supplement because it is not a nutrient, and not directly concerned in essential metabolic processes of the body, but its importance is that plays a very important physiological function for our body.
Fiber in Breads and pastries
The unrefined flour breads are those that contribute more fiber to the human diet. By contrast, white breads, refined flours, are those that provide a lesser amount, reaching a mere 3%, while the bread can have between three and four times more fiber (about 5.6 grams per 100). Intake 100 grams of biscuits will provide about 9.2 grams of fiber. The pasta made with wheat and rice 3.7 2 grams. Of the breads, the most avoided by nutritionists is refined white flour bread, refined flour argue that possess such a degree of development that much of the properties of fiber and minerals that are lost in the refining process.
Fiber in Cereals
Grains contain starch which is the main component of human food. The seed is surrounded by a shell composed primarily of cellulose, which is the major component of dietary fiber. This food can provide an average of 45 grams of fiber per 100. Popcorn contains about 15 grams of fiber per 100.
Fiber in Vegetables
The complex carbohydrate in vegetables, such as cellulose, makes them a rich source of dietary fiber. They have between 11 and 25% fiber, together with cereals being the main source of this. Lentils, peas and beans help fight cholesterol.
Fiber in Fruit
About 2% of the fruit is dietary fiber. The components of the plant fiber that we can find in them are mainly pectin’s and hemicelluloses. The skin of the fruit is the one with the highest absorption of fiber, but also where we can find several traces of contaminants such as pesticides, which are difficult to remove except with peeling the fruit. The coconut owns 10% fiber, 6.1% raspberries and figs between eight and ten percent.
Fiber in Nuts
Its high fiber intake and produces a rapid transit of food through the intestinal tract. It is shown that a diet rich in nuts prevents constipation and intestinal diseases. The fiber's mission is delaying the absorption of sugar, which allows you the energy boost and longer without being converted into fat. The most recommended are almonds (12% fiber), followed by nuts (9%).
The vegetables are essential in the second level of the pyramid of food. In addition to providing carbohydrates, micro nutrients provide slow absorption and dietary fiber. Vegetables should be taken five to six servings of vegetables in a day. Avocados or artichokes are between five and six percent of fiber, while tomato 3%.
Spices with Fiber
They are basic to maintain a balanced diet, as well as serving as flavor enhancers. Cinnamon contains 53%fiber and rosemary and oregano 43%.